We performed this retrospective study to investigate whether the KRAS mutation status and its subtypes could predict the effect of first-line platinum-based chemotherapy in Chinese patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Patients received who had KRAS mutations were enrolled. Correlations between KRAS mutations, specific mutant subtypes and responses to chemotherapy were analyzed using Kaplan-Meier and Cox proportional hazard methods. A total of 2,183 cases who received KRAS mutation detection were included. A total of 218 of these cases were indicated to have KRAS mutations. KRAS mutations were identified more commonly in males compared with females (P=0.035). The most common subtypes were G12C, G12D and G12V. Among 73 KRAS mutant patients and 100 EGFR/ALK/KRAS wild-type patients with advanced NSCLC, KRAS-mutant NSCLC patients had a significantly shorter progression-free survival (P=0.007) compared with NSCLC patients with KRAS wild-type. In addition, there was a shorter but marginally statistically significant progression-free survival (PFS) in KRAS mutant patients with adenocarcinoma compared with those with non-adenocarcinoma (P=0.051). In the KRAS mutant group, patients with the KRAS G12V mutation had the poorest PFS compared with non-G12V mutant cases (P=0.045). In conclusion, KRAS mutation was a negative predictive factor of PFS in Chinese patients with advanced NSCLC who received first platinum-based chemotherapy. Patients with KRAS G12V mutations exhibited the poorest PFS compared with those with other KRAS mutant types.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
The present study was supported by grants from the National Natural Science Foundation of China (nos. 81372392 and 81402486) and Shanghai Committee of Science and Technology, China (no. 134119b1001).
- Non-small cell lung cancer