Characterization of Campylobacter jejuni, Campylobacter upsaliensis, and a novel Campylobacter sp. in a captive non-human primate zoological collection

Jonathan B. Clayton, Jessica L. Danzeisen, Timothy J. Johnson, Ava M. Trent, Shivdeep S. Hayer, Tami Murphy, Arno Wuenschmann, Megan Elder, Zeli Shen, Anthony Mannion, Erin Bryant, Dan Knights, James G. Fox

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Scopus citations


Background: The aim of this study was to longitudinally investigate the prevalence and characterization of Campylobacter spp. from non-human primates primate (NHP) with a history of endemic diarrhea housed at Como Park Zoo. Methods: Fecal samples from 33 symptom-free NHP belonging to eight different species were collected weekly for 9 weeks. Species-level characterization and phylogenetic analysis of isolates included biochemical testing and 16S rRNA sequencing. Results: Campylobacter spp. were isolated from the feces of 42% (14/33) of the primates. Three Campylobacter spp. (C upsaliensis, C jejuni, and novel Campylobacter sp.) were identified from three NHP species. A possible positive host Campylobacter species-specificity was observed. However, no statistical association was observed between the isolation of Campylobacter spp. and age and sex of the animal. Conclusions: The study revealed the value of conducting repeated fecal sampling to establish the overall prevalence of Campylobacter in zoo-maintained NHP; it also importantly identifies a novel Campylobacter sp. isolated from white-faced saki monkeys.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)114-122
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Medical Primatology
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 2019



  • Campylobacter
  • captivity
  • diarrhea
  • gastrointestinal tract
  • non-human primate

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article
  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

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