Characterization of Campylobacter jejuni, Campylobacter upsaliensis, and a novel Campylobacter sp. in a captive non-human primate zoological collection

Jonathan B Clayton, Jessica L. Danzeisen, Tim Johnson, Ava M Trent, Shivdeep S. Hayer, Tami Murphy, Arno Wuenschmann, Megan Elder, Zeli Shen, Anthony Mannion, Erin Bryant, Dan Knights, James G. Fox

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: The aim of this study was to longitudinally investigate the prevalence and characterization of Campylobacter spp. from non-human primates primate (NHP) with a history of endemic diarrhea housed at Como Park Zoo. Methods: Fecal samples from 33 symptom-free NHP belonging to eight different species were collected weekly for 9 weeks. Species-level characterization and phylogenetic analysis of isolates included biochemical testing and 16S rRNA sequencing. Results: Campylobacter spp. were isolated from the feces of 42% (14/33) of the primates. Three Campylobacter spp. (C upsaliensis, C jejuni, and novel Campylobacter sp.) were identified from three NHP species. A possible positive host Campylobacter species-specificity was observed. However, no statistical association was observed between the isolation of Campylobacter spp. and age and sex of the animal. Conclusions: The study revealed the value of conducting repeated fecal sampling to establish the overall prevalence of Campylobacter in zoo-maintained NHP; it also importantly identifies a novel Campylobacter sp. isolated from white-faced saki monkeys.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)114-122
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Medical Primatology
Volume48
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2019

Fingerprint

Campylobacter upsaliensis
Campylobacter jejuni
Campylobacter
Primates
Host Specificity
zoos
Feces
signs and symptoms (animals and humans)
Haplorhini
monkeys
Diarrhea
diarrhea

Keywords

  • Campylobacter
  • captivity
  • diarrhea
  • gastrointestinal tract
  • non-human primate

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article

Cite this

Characterization of Campylobacter jejuni, Campylobacter upsaliensis, and a novel Campylobacter sp. in a captive non-human primate zoological collection. / Clayton, Jonathan B; Danzeisen, Jessica L.; Johnson, Tim; Trent, Ava M; Hayer, Shivdeep S.; Murphy, Tami; Wuenschmann, Arno; Elder, Megan; Shen, Zeli; Mannion, Anthony; Bryant, Erin; Knights, Dan; Fox, James G.

In: Journal of Medical Primatology, Vol. 48, No. 2, 01.04.2019, p. 114-122.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Clayton, Jonathan B ; Danzeisen, Jessica L. ; Johnson, Tim ; Trent, Ava M ; Hayer, Shivdeep S. ; Murphy, Tami ; Wuenschmann, Arno ; Elder, Megan ; Shen, Zeli ; Mannion, Anthony ; Bryant, Erin ; Knights, Dan ; Fox, James G. / Characterization of Campylobacter jejuni, Campylobacter upsaliensis, and a novel Campylobacter sp. in a captive non-human primate zoological collection. In: Journal of Medical Primatology. 2019 ; Vol. 48, No. 2. pp. 114-122.
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