Characteristics of Work- and Non-work-Related Farm Injuries

Nathan Gross, Tracy Young, Marizen Ramirez, Kathy Leinenkugel, Corinne Peek-Asa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


Purpose: Farm-related injuries are an important public health problem in agriculture because of their impact on individuals, families, and farm operations. While surveillance programs such as the Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries is available to track fatal agricultural injuries, more work is needed to examine the burden of nonfatal agricultural injuries. Methods: Data involving agricultural injuries were collected from the Iowa Trauma Registry from January 1, 2005, through December 31, 2011. A total of 2,490 trauma patients were found to have been classified as having a farm-related injury. These nonfatal farm-related injuries were compared by work-relatedness, injury severity score, length of hospital stay, and hospital discharge status. Also reported are the age and gender of the trauma patients, as well as the population of the county in which the injury occurred. Results: In our analysis, we found that work- versus nonwork-relatedness had little effect on injury severity, but that work-related injuries did result in longer average hospital stays. Injuries occurring in counties of lower population size tended to be slightly more severe and be more likely to have nonroutine discharges. Conclusions: Farm environments pose hazards which are persistent for those working and living on the farm, regardless of whether or not they are engaged in work-related activities. Public health prevention approaches that consider work and nonwork farm environments may be helpful in designing interventions to reduce injury.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)401-409
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Rural Health
Issue number4
StatePublished - Sep 1 2015


  • Agricultural injuries
  • Farm-related injuries
  • Nonwork-related farm injuries
  • Trauma registry
  • Work-related farm injuries

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