Characteristics of motor unit discharge in subjects with hemiparesis

Judith J. Gemperline, Sarah Allen, David Walk, William Z. Rymer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

177 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We studied the discharge rates recruitment characteristics of single motor units in paratic and contralateral arm muscles of 6 hemiparetic subjects. Motor unit activity in bicapes brachii was recorded at different elbow torques, and the activity related both to the mean level of surface electromyographic activity, and to the degree of weakness. In 3 of the 6 subjects, there were significant reductions in mean discharge rate of motor units in the paretic muscle. All 6 subjects showed compression of the range of motoneuron recuitment forces, and a failure to increase motor unit discharge rate during voluntary force increases in paretic muscles. These rate reductions could potentially alter the precise match of motoneuron properties to the mechanical properties of the innerved muscle fibers, and reduce the efficiency of muscle contraction. This reduction could lead, in turn to increased effort, to fatigue, and ultimately to a sense of weaknes for voluntary force generation.© 1995 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1101-1114
Number of pages14
JournalMuscle & Nerve
Volume18
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1995

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Paresis
Muscles
Motor Neurons
Torque
Muscle Contraction
Elbow
Fatigue
Motor Activity
Arm

Keywords

  • motor unit discharge
  • paresis
  • upper motoneuron syndrome

Cite this

Characteristics of motor unit discharge in subjects with hemiparesis. / Gemperline, Judith J.; Allen, Sarah; Walk, David; Rymer, William Z.

In: Muscle & Nerve, Vol. 18, No. 10, 01.01.1995, p. 1101-1114.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Gemperline, Judith J. ; Allen, Sarah ; Walk, David ; Rymer, William Z. / Characteristics of motor unit discharge in subjects with hemiparesis. In: Muscle & Nerve. 1995 ; Vol. 18, No. 10. pp. 1101-1114.
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