Characteristics of children's agricultural tasks in Hmong farming communities

Michele A. Schermann, John M. Shutske, Ruth C. Rasmussen, Stacey M. Jenkins, Choua S. Vang, Mang Lor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


Hmong farm children perform different work tasks, have different roles and responsibilities, and are thus exposed to different hazards than most North American farm children. Hmong children perform tasks in four time-related phases: pre-harvest, harvest, post-harvest, and product marketing. Standard health and safety educational materials, including the North American Guidelines for Children's Agricultural Tasks, are not widely accepted by Minnesota Hmong farmers. This qualitative work is a precursor to the creation of culturally and contextually appropriate materials and guidelines to address the health and safety needs of Hmong children working on their family's production acreage. Methods used include literature review, focus groups, semistructured interviews, and field observations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)121-132
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of agromedicine
Issue number3-4
StatePublished - 2006

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This research was supported by a grant from CDC/National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Grant Number: 1 R01 OH004215-01. The contents are solely the responsibility of the authors and do not necessarily represent the official views of CDC/NIOSH.

Copyright 2009 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.


  • Agriculture
  • Child
  • Hmong
  • Injury
  • Safety


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