Chapter 14. Relation of smoking at baseline and during trial years 1-6 to food and nutrient intakes and weight in the special intervention and usual care groups in the Multiple Risk Factor Intervention Trial

Jeremiah Stamler, Donna Rains-Clearman, Kris Lenz-Litzow, Jeanne L. Tillotson, Gregory A Grandits

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

34 Scopus citations

Abstract

This chapter describes dietary composition according to cigarette smoking status at baseline and changes in smoking status during follow-up for men in the special intervention (SI) and usual care (UC) groups of the Multiple Risk Factor Intervention Trial. Five patterns of smoking behavior were defined: 1) sustained nonsmoking, 2) early (years 1-2 of the trial) sustained quitting, 3) late (years 3-6 of the trial) sustained quitting, 4) recidivism, and 5) continued smoking. SI men who quit smoking showed greater favorable changes in dietary lipid composition and micronutrient intake than did continued smokers, and these changes were in many instances as great as favorable changes made by nonsmokers. On the other hand, SI men who quit smoking gained an average of 3.8 lb (1.7 kg), in contrast with nonsmokers who lost an average of 6.4 lb (2.9 kg). The gain by SI quitters was, however, less than that by UC quitters, who gained 6.5 lb (3.0 kg). Moreover, despite weight gain, net change in high-density-lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol for SI quitters was positive. With the associated decrease in low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, early SI quitters had the most improvement in ratio of LDL to HDL among all subgroups. Thus, unfavorable nutritional patterns of smokers put them at double jeopardy regarding cardiovascular and other chronic diseases; additionally, long-term risks can be improved not only by smoking cessation but also by achievement of healthier eating patterns.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAmerican Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Volume65
Issue number1 SUPPL.
StatePublished - Jan 1 1997

Keywords

  • Food and nutrient intakes
  • blood lipids
  • body weight
  • cigarette smoking

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