Channel Occupancy-Based Dynamic Spectrum Leasing in Multichannel CRNs: Strategies and Performance Evaluation

Indika A.M. Balapuwaduge, Frank Y. Li, Amogh Rajanna, Mostafa Kaveh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations


Spectrum leasing has been proposed as an effective approach for enabling more flexible spectrum utilization in CRNs. In CRNs, a primary network (PN) which consists of multiple primary users (PUs) can lease part of the licensed spectrum to secondary users (SUs) in exchange for operational benefits. The focus of this study is to investigate how and to what extent the PN allows spectrum leasing in CRNs, considering the QoS requirements of the PN and the secondary network (SN). Correspondingly, we propose two dynamic spectrum leasing strategies, which can improve the QoS performance of SUs while ensuring sufficient remuneration for PUs. In order to dynamically adjust the portion of leased bandwidth, two forms of leasing algorithms, which are based on channel occupancy of the PN and the SN respectively are proposed. Analytical models are developed to characterize system centric performance metrics including capacity, blocking probability, and forced termination probability in both networks. Furthermore, a dynamic pricing scheme for spectrum leasing and utility-based resource allocation is introduced. Finally the performance of dynamic leasing is compared quantitatively with that of static leasing and approaches without leasing. Numerical results obtained from both analysis and simulations show that dynamically adjusted spectrum leasing improves network performance.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number7393551
Pages (from-to)1313-1328
Number of pages16
JournalIEEE Transactions on Communications
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 2016

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2016 IEEE.


  • CTMC
  • Dynamic spectrum leasing
  • cognitive radio
  • spectrum adaptation
  • utility function


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