Changing spectrum of diabetes mellitus in children: Challenges with initial classification

Nedim Cakan, Sarah Kizilbash, Deepak Kamat

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations


Objective. To determine the frequency of initial misclassification of diabetes mellitus (DM) in children and to compare the presenting features of DM1, DM2, and the misclassified cases. Results. A total of 206 patients fulfilled the inclusion criteria. Of them, 74.75% had DM1 and 25.25% had DM2. Ten percent of studied patients had a subsequent change in classification. The mean HbA1c of the DM2 patients, who were initially misclassified, was 13.35% (SD = 1.96). The mean HbA1c of DM2 patients with correct initial classification was 8.83% (SD = 3.01). Diabetes ketoacidosis (DKA) was seen in 59.44% of DM1 and 23.91% of DM2 patients. Of the DM2 patients who were initially misclassified, 58.82% had presented in DKA as opposed to only 6.45% of patients who were correctly classified. Conclusion. The initial classification of DM frequently requires revision (10% in this study). The misclassification is highest among DM2 patients who initially present with higher HbA1c and DKA.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)939-944
Number of pages6
JournalClinical Pediatrics
Issue number10
StatePublished - Oct 1 2012


  • Diabetes Mellitus
  • challenges
  • classification


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