Changing Paradigms in the Frequency and Management of Canine Compound Uroliths

Lisa K Ulrich, Carl A Osborne, Amy Cokley, Jody P. Lulich

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations


This article discusses the composition, formation, and treatment of canine compound uroliths and the importance of recognizing the unique causal factors that may be present in each individual patient. After first giving a detailed analysis of what compound uroliths are and how they form, the authors give examples and data from canine uroliths submitted between 1981 and 2007. Finally, the article discusses the importance of this data when formulating management strategies for individual patients to either dissolve existing stones or minimize urolith recurrence.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)41-53
Number of pages13
JournalVeterinary Clinics of North America - Small Animal Practice
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2009

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This article has been supported in part by an educational gift from Hill's Pet Nutrition, Topeka, Kansas.

Copyright 2009 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.


  • Calcium oxalate
  • Compound
  • Mixed
  • Struvite
  • Urolith


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