Changes in N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide and incidence of diabetes: The Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA)

O. A. Sanchez, D. A. Duprez, H. Bahrami, C. A. Peralta, L. B. Daniels, J. A. Lima, A. Maisel, A. R. Folsom, D. R. Jacobs

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10 Scopus citations


Aims: This study looked at whether the inverse association of circulating N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) with incident diabetes is modified by changes in NT-proBNP (δNT-proBNP) levels. Methods: Plasma NT-proBNP was assayed at baseline and 3.2years later (visit 3) in the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA). δNT-proBNP was calculated as NT-proBNPvisit3-NT-proBNPbaseline. A Poisson distribution was fitted to determine the incidence density of diabetes, adjusted for age, race, gender, educational attainment, antihypertensive medication, total intentional exercise and plasma IL-6 levels. In the primary analysis (n=3236 without diabetes up to visit 3, followed for a mean of 6.3 years), incidence density was regressed for the following categories of baseline NT-proBNP: (1)<54.4pg/mL; (2) 54.4-85.9pg/mL; and (3) 86-54.2pg/mL. This was crossed with categories of δNT-proBNP as medians (ranges): (1) -6.2 (-131-11.7) pg/mL; (2) 19.8 (11.8-30.1) pg/mL; (3) 44.0 (30.2-67.9) pg/mL; and (4) 111.2 (68.0-3749.9) pg/mL. Results: The incidence density of diabetes followed a U-shaped association across categories of δNT-proBNP within categories of baseline NT-proBNP after adjusting for other covariates (. P=. 0.02). At each level of baseline NT-proBNP, the incidence density of diabetes was lowest for small-to-moderate increases in NT-proBNP. Conclusion: This analysis suggests that NT-proBNP has a biphasic association with diabetes in which the risk of incident diabetes decreases within a 'physiological range' of δNT-proBNP, and plateaus or increases as NT-proBNP concentrations increase, probably in response to pathophysiological conditions leading to high levels of NT-proBNP.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)378-386
Number of pages9
JournalDiabetes and Metabolism
Issue number5
StatePublished - Nov 2015

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2015 Elsevier Masson SAS.


  • Change
  • Diabetes
  • Incidence
  • MESA study
  • NT-proBNP
  • Natriuretic peptides


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