Aims: This study looked at whether the inverse association of circulating N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) with incident diabetes is modified by changes in NT-proBNP (δNT-proBNP) levels. Methods: Plasma NT-proBNP was assayed at baseline and 3.2years later (visit 3) in the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA). δNT-proBNP was calculated as NT-proBNPvisit3-NT-proBNPbaseline. A Poisson distribution was fitted to determine the incidence density of diabetes, adjusted for age, race, gender, educational attainment, antihypertensive medication, total intentional exercise and plasma IL-6 levels. In the primary analysis (n=3236 without diabetes up to visit 3, followed for a mean of 6.3 years), incidence density was regressed for the following categories of baseline NT-proBNP: (1)<54.4pg/mL; (2) 54.4-85.9pg/mL; and (3) 86-54.2pg/mL. This was crossed with categories of δNT-proBNP as medians (ranges): (1) -6.2 (-131-11.7) pg/mL; (2) 19.8 (11.8-30.1) pg/mL; (3) 44.0 (30.2-67.9) pg/mL; and (4) 111.2 (68.0-3749.9) pg/mL. Results: The incidence density of diabetes followed a U-shaped association across categories of δNT-proBNP within categories of baseline NT-proBNP after adjusting for other covariates (. P=. 0.02). At each level of baseline NT-proBNP, the incidence density of diabetes was lowest for small-to-moderate increases in NT-proBNP. Conclusion: This analysis suggests that NT-proBNP has a biphasic association with diabetes in which the risk of incident diabetes decreases within a 'physiological range' of δNT-proBNP, and plateaus or increases as NT-proBNP concentrations increase, probably in response to pathophysiological conditions leading to high levels of NT-proBNP.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This research was supported by contracts N01-HC-95159 to N01-HC-95169 from the US National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, grants UL1-TR-000040 and UL1-TR-001079 from the US National Center for Research Resources (NCRR), and Roche Diagnostics. The authors also thank the investigators and staff of the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA) for their valuable contributions. A full list of MESA investigators and institutions can be found at www.mesa-nhlbi.org/.
© 2015 Elsevier Masson SAS.
- MESA study
- Natriuretic peptides