Changes in maximum lip-closing force after extraction and nonextraction orthodontic treatments

Tae Hyun Choi, So Hyun Kim, Cheul Kim, Yoon Ah Kook, Brent E. Larson, Nam Ki Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objective: The aims of the present study were to evaluate the changes in the maximum lip-closing force (MLF) after orthodontic treatment with or without premolar extractions and verify the correlation of these changes with dentoskeletal changes. Methods: In total, 17 women who underwent nonextraction orthodontic treatment and 15 women who underwent orthodontic treatment with extraction of all four first premolars were included in this retrospective study. For all patients, lateral cephalograms and dental models were measured before (T0) and after (T1) treatment. In addition, MLF was measured at both time points using the Lip De Cum LDC-110R® device. Statistical analyses were performed to evaluate changes in clinical variables and MLF and their correlations. Results: Both groups showed similar skeletal patterns, although the extraction group showed greater proclination of the maxillary and mandibular incisors and lip protrusion compared to the nonextraction group at T0. MLF at T0 was comparable between the two groups. The reduction in the arch width and depth and incisor retroclination from T0 to T1 were more pronounced in the extraction group than in the nonextraction group. MLF in the extraction group significantly increased during the treatment period, and this increase was significantly greater than that in the nonextraction group. The increase in MLF was found to be correlated with the increase in the interincisal angle and decrease in the intermolar width, arch depth, and incisor– mandibular plane angle. Conclusions: This study suggests that MLF increases to a greater extent during extraction orthodontic treatment than during nonextraction orthodontic treatment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)120-128
Number of pages9
JournalKorean Journal of Orthodontics
Issue number2
StatePublished - Mar 2020

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 The Korean Association of Orthodontists.


  • Dental arch morphology
  • Lip-closing force
  • Nonextraction orthodontic treatment
  • Premolar extraction

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article


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