Changes in chinese adults’ physical activity behavior and determinants before and during the covid-19 pandemic

Huan Wang, Lianshi Feng, Yanfeng Zhang, Fuhong Zhang, Jinmei Fu, Mei Wang, Dongming Wu, Qiang Feng, Xinhua Liu, Chaoqun Fan, Jingjing Wang, Weizhen Gao, Daniel J. McDonough, Zan Gao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: To investigate the changes in Chinese adults’ physical activity (PA) behavior and determinants before and during the COVID-19 pandemic. Method: A total of 1028 adults (aged 19– 59 years) were recruited from 127 urban and rural neighborhoods in China using stratified three-stage probability sampling. Data collection was conducted in December 2019 and July 2020. Results: Compared with the data before the pandemic, individuals’ weekly moderate-to-vigorous-intensity PA (MVPA) decreased significantly from 139 min to 120 min, seven months after the outbreak (p = 0.01), with female and rural populations displaying a more significant decrease (p = 0.02). Overall, 13.7% of participants met the PA guidelines (World Health Organization) both before and during the pandemic, while 21.8% met the guidelines only before the pandemic and 18.1% increased their PA and met the PA guidelines during the pandemic. A total of 46.4% did not meet the PA guidelines before or during the pandemic. Determinants of PA behavior change before and during the pandemic included sports skills, self-determined motivation and support from sports organizations. Conclusions: The Chinese adults’ PA levels decreased significantly from before to during the COVID-19 pandemic, particularly among the female population. It is suggested that the enhance-ment of self-determined motivation, improvement of sport skills, and support from sports organizations might be effective in facilitating individuals’ engagement in PA during the pandemic.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number3069
JournalJournal of Clinical Medicine
Volume10
Issue number14
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 11 2021
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.

Keywords

  • Moderate and vigorous physical activity
  • Self-determined motivation
  • Social support
  • Sport organization
  • Sport skills

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article

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