Objective: To investigate whether sex differences exist in the pattern of change in C-reactive protein (CRP) levels during weight loss, and whether the associations between weight change and CRP change differ by the types of anthropometric variables.Design: Longitudinal, prospective analysis of subjects participating in an intentional weight loss trial (the Lose It For Ever: LIFE Study) followed-up for 30 months.Subjects: A total of 212 healthy, obese men and women (age: 23-77 years, body mass index (BMI): 30-39 kg m-2) took part in this study.Measurements: BMI, waist and hip circumferences, and waist-to-hip ratio, CRP and lifestyle variables repeatedly measured at baseline, 6, 12, 18 and 30-month follow-up.Results: Weight change was J shaped with a nadir at 12 months in both men and women (P for month2 <0.0001). CRP level was consistently higher in women than in men, but the differences were less prominent and were not statistically significant at 12- and 18-month follow-up. CRP changes between any two consecutive visits were significantly associated with changes in BMI during the same period in women. However, the associations between CRP changes and changes in waist or hip circumference were not as consistent, especially between 18- and 30-month follow-up when CRP significantly increased. The associations in men were generally similar among the different anthropometric measures. The association between changes in BMI and CRP was stronger in men than in women.Conclusion: BMI change generally correlated well with CRP changes in both men and women in the course of follow-up. Significant sex difference in CRP level at baseline diminished at 12- and 18-month follow-up, when both sexes had maintained the lost weight.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This research was supported by grant DK064596 from the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, grant CA 116849 from the National Cancer Institute and the University of Minnesota Obesity Prevention Center. We thank the staff and participants of the LIFE Study for their important contributions.
- C-reactive protein
- anthropometric variables
- longitudinal study
- sex characteristics
- weight change