Changes in blood and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid components in calves with experimentally induced pneumonic pasteurellosis.

D. J. Weiss, M. C. Bauer, L. O. Whiteley, S. K. Maheswaran, Trevor R Ames

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46 Scopus citations

Abstract

Pneumonic pasteurellosis was experimentally induced in calves by inoculation of 5 x 10(8) Pasteurella haemolytica organisms into the right diaphragmatic lung lobe. Blood and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid samples were obtained prior to inoculation and at postinoculation hour (PIH) 2, 4, and 6. Calves developed acute lung injury, characteristic of pneumonic pasteurellosis. Lesions were found only in the right diaphragmatic lobe. By PIH 4, significant (P less than 0.01) increases were detected in lavage fluid total cell count, neutrophil count, total protein and albumin concentrations, and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) and lactic dehydrogenase (LD) activities. Myeloperoxidase and elastase activities did not increase. Neutrophil depletion ameliorated the lung lesions and prevented the increase in lavage fluid cell count, total protein, and albumin concentrations and ALP and LD activities. Treatment with the iron chelator, deferoxamine mesylatehydroxyethyl starch, attenuated the increase in total protein and albumin concentrations and ALP and LD activities at PID 4, but not PIH 6. Treatment with a neutrophil function inhibitor, pentoxifylline, prevented the increase in lavage fluid neutrophil numbers, but accentuated the increase in total protein and albumin concentrations, and ALP, LD, myeloperoxidase, and elastase activities.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)337-344
Number of pages8
JournalAmerican journal of veterinary research
Volume52
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 1991

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