Changes in aquatic macrophytes after liming Thrush Lake, Minnesota

Cynthia A Hagley, David Wright, Christopher J. Owen, Paul Eiler, Marilyn Danks

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Thrush Lake, Minnesota, was treated with limestone in 1988 to evaluate the efficacy of protective base addition against the loss of sport fisheries in a sensitive, mildly acidic lake. Prior to treatment, the lake was stressed (pH 6.46, ANC 64 μeq/L) but not severely degraded by acidic deposition and had a macrophyte community typical of lakes in northeastern Minnesota with low acid-neutralizing capacity (ANC). This paper describes the changes observed in aquatic plant communities during the 5 years after treatment, as pH and ANC slowly returned to pretreatment levels. Sphagnum platyphyllum, intolerant of non-acid conditions, was completely eliminated from the lake. The charophyte, Nitella, that originally shared dominance in the deep littoral zone with S. platyphyllum, decreased in importance during the first 2 years after treatment. Two vascular plants, Potamogeton pusillus and Najas flexilis, were first found in the lake the year after treatment and were abundant for 2 years after liming, probably in response to a combination of more neutral pH and reduced cover of Nitella. As the ANC and pH slowly returned to pretreatment conditions, Nitella again increased in coverage and depth range, with a concomitant decrease in P. pusillus and N. flexilis. The moss, S. platyphyllum, had not reinvaded the lake by 1993,2 years after its dramatic decline.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)307-312
Number of pages6
JournalRestoration Ecology
Volume4
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1996

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liming
macrophytes
lakes
Nitella
neutralization
lake
acids
acid
pretreatment
charophyte
littoral zone
Sphagnum
aquatic plant
aquatic plants
Turdidae
macrophyte
sports
vascular plant
intertidal environment
sport

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Changes in aquatic macrophytes after liming Thrush Lake, Minnesota. / Hagley, Cynthia A; Wright, David; Owen, Christopher J.; Eiler, Paul; Danks, Marilyn.

In: Restoration Ecology, Vol. 4, No. 3, 01.01.1996, p. 307-312.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Hagley, Cynthia A ; Wright, David ; Owen, Christopher J. ; Eiler, Paul ; Danks, Marilyn. / Changes in aquatic macrophytes after liming Thrush Lake, Minnesota. In: Restoration Ecology. 1996 ; Vol. 4, No. 3. pp. 307-312.
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