Modification of cardiac β-adrenergic receptors (β-AR), resulting from the stimulation of the sympathetic nervous system, is one of the most important factors in the generation of cardiac hypertrophy and heart failure. In this research, we propose the utilization of adipocytes as an alternative to the use of predominantly β2-AR subtype containing circulating lymphocytes for the convenient assessment of cardiac failure in the experimentally, volume-overload induced heart hypertrophy in rats. Using this model, we measured β-AR both in the heart and adipocytes of male rats 2, 7, 21 and 56 days after creating an aorta-cava fistula. Whereas an increase (58%) in cardiac β-AR density from day 7 to 21 was followed by a decrease in this measurement (30%) on day 56 [changes expressed as percentage of controls; no significant changes in β-AR affinity (Kd) were recorded at any of the time interval studied], adipocytes β-AR density showed a progressive increase starting on day 21 (87%) which continued until the end (131%) of the study period. This lack of correlation of the β-AR population in both tissues supports the need for a specific evaluation of the β1-AR subtype in the heart and adipocyte in order to evaluate the usefulness of adipocyte cells as an alternative to assess cardiac failure.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||International Journal of Clinical Pharmacology Therapy and Toxicology|
|State||Published - 1993|