BACKGROUND: Soybean aphid (Aphis glycines Matsumura) remains the most economically important arthropod pest of soybean in the Upper Midwest Region of the USA. Soybean aphid resistance to the pyrethroid insecticides emerged in 2015; however, the reduction in the efficacy of field applications of pyrethroid insecticides has not been quantified. Based on time-series data from insecticide efficacy trials at two locations, a novel approach of continuous two-phase change point-regression models was used to indicate whether a change in percent control had occurred, and to provide an indication of when and to what degree the percent control had changed.
RESULTS: At both locations examined in this study, a significant change point for percent control of λ-cyhalothrin was detected in 2014, thus marking the onset of practical resistance in the soybean aphid. Percent control decreased at a rate of 4.30% and 19.90% per year at these locations. By contrast, percent control for chlorpyrifos remained high over time with no significant change point.
CONCLUSION: This research demonstrates that retrospective time-series analysis of insecticide efficacy data can identify the onset and magnitude of practical resistance in the field. This further validates and compliments the other lines of evidence related to pyrethroid resistance in soybean aphid. © 2022 The Authors. Pest Management Science published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf of Society of Chemical Industry.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
We thank Drs. David Andow and Seth Naeve for providing comments on an earlier version of this manuscript, Shannon Farrell for assistance with the literature search, the North Central Soybean Research Program for financial support of this work, and the entities that supported the insecticide efficacy trials cited in this study.
© 2022 The Authors. Pest Management Science published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf of Society of Chemical Industry.
- percent control
- pest management
- practical resistance
- Retrospective Studies
PubMed: MeSH publication types
- Journal Article