Change in albuminuria and eGFR following insulin sensitization therapy versus insulin provision therapy in the BARI 2D study

Phyllis August, Regina M. Hardison, Fadi G. Hage, Oscar C. Marroquin, Janet B. McGill, Yves Rosenberg, Michael Steffes, Barry M. Wall, Mark Molitch

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background and objectives In the Bypass Angioplasty Revascularization Investigation 2 Diabetes randomized trial, glycemic control with insulin-sensitization therapy was compared with insulin-provision therapy in patients with type 2 diabetes and coronary artery disease. This study examined differences in albumin excretion and renal function in the insulin-sensitization group versus the insulin-provision group over 5 years. Design, setting, participants & measurements In total, 1799 patients with measurements of creatinine and urine albumin/creatinine ratio at baseline and at least two follow-up visits were included. Management of BP, lipids, and lifestyle counseling was uniform. Progression of albuminuria was defined as doubling of baseline albumin/creatinine ratio to at least 100 mg/g or worsening of albumin/creatinine ratio status on two or more visits. Worsening renal function was defined as >25% decline in estimated GFR and annualized decline of >3 ml/min per 1.73 m2 per year. Results By 6 months and thereafter, the mean glycated hemoglobin levels were lower in the insulin-sensitization group compared with the insulin-provision group (P<0.002 for each time point; absolute difference=0.4%). Albumin/creatinine ratio increased over time in the insulin-sensitization group (P value for trend<0.001) and was stable in the insulin-provision group. Risk for progression of albumin/creatinine ratio was higher in the insulin-sensitization group compared with the insulin-provision group (odds ratio, 1.59; 95% confidence interval, 1.25 to 2.02; P=0.02). Over 5 years, albumin/creatinine ratio increased from 11.5 (interquartile range=5.0-46.7) to 15.7 mg/g (interquartile range=6.2-55.4) in the insulin-sensitization group (P<0.001) and from 12.1 (interquartile range=5.3-41.3) to 12.4 mg/g (interquartile range=5.8-50.6) in the insulin-provision group (P=0.21). Estimated GFR declined from 75.0±20.6 to 66.3±22.6 ml/min per 1.73 m2 in the insulin-sensitization group (P<0.001) and from 76.1±29.5 to 66.8±22.1 ml/min per 1.73 m2 in the insulin-provision group (P<0.001). Conclusion Over 5 years, despite lower glycated hemoglobin levels, the insulin-sensitization treatment group had greater progression of albumin/creatinine ratio compared with the insulin-provision treatment group. Decline in estimated GFR was similar.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)64-71
Number of pages8
JournalClinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology
Volume9
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 7 2014

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