The authors were chairpersons in the session on epidemiology and control of Aujeszky's disease (AD). In this document, they focus on several issues, such as vaccination, compliance and surveillance, which influence the eradication programs. Also, some research topics which may need attention in the future are indicated. The main conclusion is that eradication programs for AD virus have made good progress in different parts of the world and that we have the knowledge and tools to do the job. It must be realized, however, that setbacks can occur. As prevalence declines, susceptibility increases and producers may let their guard down so that the virus may spread again in susceptible areas.