Cervical presentations of thymic anomalies in children

S. S. Khariwala, R. Nicollas, J. M. Triglia, E. N. Garabedian, R. Marianowski, T. Van Den Abbeele, M. April, R. Ward, P. J. Koltai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

53 Scopus citations


Objective: To better define the clinical manifestations, radiologic imaging and the surgical management of cervical thymic lesions in children. Study design: Multi-center retrospective case review. Methods: The charts of all children with pathologically confirmed thymic lesions at six children's hospitals (1990-2002) were reviewed for demographics, physical findings, X-ray findings, operative outcomes and pathology. Results: There were a total of 15 children, 2 of whom had ectopic cervical thymus and 13 who had thymic cysts. They ranged in age from 1 month to 18 years. Thymic lesions were more common in males. Ectopic cervical thymus was best defined by MRI whereas thymic cyst had a more consistent appearance on CT. All children had successful surgical resection with no recorded complications or recurrences. Conclusions: Cervical thymic lesions are rare. Ectopic cervical thymus tends to be found primarily in infants whereas thymic cysts occur in a wider age range. Radiologic imaging is important but is not histologically specific. Definitive diagnosis and cure requires complete surgical excision.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)909-914
Number of pages6
JournalInternational Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jul 1 2004


  • Cervical thymoma
  • Ectopic cervical thymus
  • Thymic cyst


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