Centrosome amplification in CHO and DT40 cells by inactivation of cyclin-dependent kinases

Nathan Steere, Michael Wagner, Stephen Beishir, Ewan Smith, Loretta Breslin, Ciaran G. Morrison, Helfrid Hochegger, Ryoko Kuriyama

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations

Abstract

To study the mechanism of centrosome duplication in cycling cells, we established a novel system of multiple centrosome formation in two types of cells: CHO cells treated with RO3306, a Cyclin-dependent kinase 1 (Cdk1) inhibitor and DT40 cells, in which Cdks were knocked out by chemical genetics. Cdk1-inactivated cells initiated DNA replication and centrosome duplication at the onset of S phase. They became arrested at the end of G2, but the centrosome cycle continued to produce supernumerary centrioles/centrosomes without DNA endoreplication in those cells. Centrosomes were amplified in a highly synchronous and reproducible manner: all of them were located next to the nucleus and spread widely apart from each other with several μm in distance. Double knockout of Cdk1 and Cdk2 caused cell cycle arrest at G1/S and centrosomes were no longer duplicated. However, cells continued to grow and increased their volume over 10-fold during 48 hr of culture. Centrosome components, including γ-tubulin and Cep135, were synthesized and accumulated during the arrest, allowing rapid centrosome multiplication upon recovery from the cell cycle arrest or expression of exogenous Plk4 in G1/S cells. Thus centrosome amplification results from the discoordination of the centrosome cycle from the progression of other cell cycle events, which is controlled by different levels of Cdk activities.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)446-458
Number of pages13
JournalCytoskeleton
Volume68
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2011

Keywords

  • Centrosomes
  • Chemical genetics
  • Cyclin-dependent kinases
  • DT40 cells
  • RO3306

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