Central venous cannulation and pressure monitoring

Robert Knopp, Robert H. Dailey

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Central venous pressure (CVP) varies directly with circulating blood volume and vascular tone and inversely with right heart competency. Indications for central cannulation include cardiorespiratory arrest. The two general approaches to cannulation of central veins are peripheral and central. The physician's skill, patient's body habitus, clinical circumstances, age and thoracic deformity all influence the choice of technique. Three of the possible complications discussed are pneumothorax, arterial puncture and air embolus. Accurate measurement of CVP depends on the patient being supine, a patent and accurately located catheter and the establishment of a baseline external zero point.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)358-366
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of the American College of Emergency Physicians
Volume6
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1977

Keywords

  • central venous pressure, catherization

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