Mortality due to AIDS-related Cryptococcal meningitis (CM) is often >50% in low-middle income countries. Dissemination of CM can result in intracranial mass lesions known as cryptococcoma. Patients who develop cryptococcomas often have worse outcomes when compared to patients with cryptococcosis without cryptococcoma. We describe a cryptococcoma in the central nervous system (CNS) in a Ugandan patient with AIDS, and review the diagnosis and management with special focus on difficulties encountered in low or middle-income countries.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
The authors are supported by the National Institute of Neurologic Diseases and Stroke , the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases and Fogarty International Center ( R01NS086312-01 , R01AI078934-04 , and R25TW009345-02 ). We thank Dr. Reuben Kiggundu for patient care.
- Central nervous system
- Cryptococcus meningitis
- Human Immunodeficiency Virus
- Immunosuppressed Host