Cellular RNA Helicases Support Early and Late Events in Retroviral Replication

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Retroviruses commandeer cell RNA helicases (RHs). Cell RHs are necessary for early and late events in retrovirus replication. The provirus is adopted by the cell-endogenous nuclear and cytoplasmic gene expression types of machinery. Whereas retroviruses engender the supportive activity of cell RHs, other RNA viruses provoke theantiviral role of this superfamily of conserved proteins. In this chapter, we contrast retrovirus reliance on host RNA helicases to support their replication cycle, with the virus-encoded helicaseactivity utilized by RNA viruses in cytoplasmic factories. Ironically, RHs are agonists to retroviruses and antagonists to other RNA viruses.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationRetrovirus-Cell Interactions
PublisherElsevier
Pages253-271
Number of pages19
ISBN (Electronic)9780128111857
ISBN (Print)9780128111932
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 17 2018

Publication series

NameRetrovirus-Cell Interactions

Keywords

  • Viral gene expression
  • Antiviral activity
  • Host-pathogen

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
  • Systematic Review

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