We quantified the structural changes accompanying cellular differentiation in root caps of Zea mays cv. Ageotropic to determine the developmental basis for the nongraviresponsiveness of their primary roots. Cells of the calyptrogen and columella of primary roots of the ageotropic mutant have structures indistinguishable from those of caps of primary roots of Z. mays cv. Kys the graviresponsive, wild‐type parent of Z. mays cv. Ageotropic. However, the relative volumes of dictyosomes, dictyosome‐derived vesicles and starch in the outermost peripheral cells of wild‐type roots were significantly lower than were those in peripheral cells of mutant roots. This corresponds to a dramatic accumulation of starch and mucilage‐filled vesicles in peripheral cells of mutant roots. Cellular differentiation in root caps of graviresponsive seminal roots of the Ageotropic mutant resembled that of primary and seminal roots of the wild‐type cultivar, and differed significantly from that of primary roots of the mutant. We conclude that the mutation that blocks secretion of mucilage from peripheral cells of Ageotropic roots: (1) expresses itself late in cellular differentiation in root caps; (2) is expressed only in primary (but not seminal) roots of the Ageotropic mutant; and (3) is consistent with malfunctioning dictyosomes and dictyosome‐derived vesicles being the cellular basis for agravitropism of primary roots of this mutant.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Plant, Cell & Environment|
|State||Published - Nov 1993|
- Zea mays cv. Ageotropic
- Zea mays cv. Kys