CD66 family members are associated with tyrosine kinase activity in human neutrophils

Keith M. Skubitz, Kenneth D. Campbell, Khalil Ahmed, Amy P.N. Skubitz

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The granulocyte activation Ags, CD66a, CD66b, CD66c, and CD66d, are expressed at low levels on resting blood granulocytes, but their surface expression is up-regulated following stimulation. CD66a, in contrast to CD66b and CD66c which are anchored to the membrane via a glycosyl- phosphatidylinositol linkage, is a transmembrane protein with a cytoplasmic domain. We have previously reported that CD66a is phosphorylated in human neutrophils, largely on tyrosine, with a lower level of phosphoserine. We have now found that CD66a undergoes a rapid increase in phosphorylation following stimulation with FMLP, platelet-activating factor, and 12-O- tetradecanoyl-phorbol-13-acetate. This increase in phosphorylation was transient, with maximal phosphorylation observed by 1 min and a return to base line by 5 min following stimulation. Protein kinase activity was detected in neutrophils associated with CD66a, CD66b, and CD66c. Most of the protein kinase activity associated with these Ags was tyrosine kinase activity, with a lesser amount of threonine and serine kinase activities. Lyn and Hck accounted for much of the associated tyrosine kinase activity. The data suggest that phosphorylation of CD66a on tyrosine by an associated tyrosine kinase may play a role in the function of CD66a. In addition, associated tyrosine kinase activity may play a role in signal transduction from CD66a, CD66b, and CD66c to regulate other cell functions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5382-5390
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Immunology
Issue number11
StatePublished - 1995


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