CD5-positive B-cell neoplasms of indeterminate immunophenotype: A clinicopathologic analysis of 26 cases

Sheryl L. Asplund, Robert W. McKenna, Jeff E. Doolittle, Steven H. Kroft

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16 Scopus citations


The flow cytometric classification of CD5-positive small B-cell neoplasms is dependent largely on the differential expression of CD23 and FMC-7. Occasional CD5-positive neoplasms with prominent co-expression of these antigens are encountered, precluding definitive immunophenotypic classification. The authors studied the clinicopathologic features of 26 neoplasms with this indeterminate immunophenotype. Available morphologic material was reviewed and analysis of CYCLIN D1 derangement was performed in selected cases by a combination of immunohistochemical, molecular, and cytogenetic techniques. Individual neoplasms were classified based on correlation of morphologic features and results of CYCLIN D1 studies. The neoplasms were classified into five categories: chronic lymphocytic leukemia (14 cases), "favor chronic lymphocytic leukemia" (3 cases), mantle cell lymphoma (3 cases), lymphoplasmacytic lymphoma (1 case), and unclassifiable (5 cases). Three of the unclassifiable neoplasms had morphologic features of mantle cell lymphoma, but CYCLIN D1 derangement could not be demonstrated. Neither relative expression of CD23 and FMC-7 nor intensity of CD20 or surface immunoglobulin expression was helpful in final classification. The authors conclude that CD5-positive small B-cell neoplasms with an indeterminate immunophenotype are a heterogeneous group, requiring additional studies for final classification. The majority (65%) appear to be chronic lymphocytic leukemia, with most of the remaining cases either definitively mantle cell lymphoma or unclassifiable.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)311-317
Number of pages7
JournalApplied Immunohistochemistry and Molecular Morphology
Issue number4
StatePublished - Dec 1 2005


  • CD23
  • Chronic lymphocytic leukemia
  • FMC-7
  • Flow cytometry
  • Immunophenotype
  • Mantle cell lymphoma
  • t(11;14)


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