Clonal anergy of autoreactive B cells is a key mechanism regulating tolerance. Here, we show that anergic B cells express significant surface levels of CD5, a molecule normally found on T cells and a subset of B-1 cells. Breeding of the hen egg lysozyme (HEL) transgenic model for B cell anergy onto the CD5 null background resulted in a spontaneous loss orb cell tolerance in vivo. Evidence for this included elevated levels of anti-HEL immunoglobulin M (IgM) antibodies in the serum of CD5(-/-) mice transgenic for both an HEL-specific B cell receptor (BCR) and soluble lysozyme. 'Anergic' B cells lacking CD5 also showed enhanced proliferative responses in vitro and elevated intracellular Ca2+ levels at rest and after IgM cross-linking. These data support the hypothesis that CD5 negatively regulates Ig receptor signaling in anergic B cells and functions to inhibit autoimmune B cell responses.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Journal of Experimental Medicine|
|State||Published - Mar 6 2000|
- B cell
- Hen egg lysozyme
- Signal transduction