CD40/CD154 blockade inhibits dendritic cell expression of inflammatory cytokines but not costimulatory molecules

Ivana R. Ferrer, Danya Liu, David F. Pinelli, Brent H. Koehn, Linda L. Stempora, Mandy L. Ford

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Scopus citations


Blockade of the CD40/CD154 pathway remains one of the most effective means of promoting graft survival following transplantation. However, the effects of CD40/CD154 antagonism on dendritic cell (DC) phenotype and functionality following transplantation remain incompletely understood. To dissect the effects of CD154/CD40 blockade on DC activation in vivo, we generated hematopoietic chimeras in mice that expressed a surrogate minor Ag (OVA). Adoptive transfer of OVA-specific CD4+ and CD8+ T cells led to chimerism rejection, which was inhibited by treatment with CD154 blockade. Surprisingly, CD154 antagonism did not alter the expression of MHC and costimulatory molecules on CD11c+ DCs compared with untreated controls. However, DCs isolated from anti-CD154-treated animals exhibited a significant reduction in inflammatory cytokine secretion. Combined blockade of inflammatory cytokines IL-6 and IL-12p40 attenuated the expansion of Ag-specific CD4+ and CD8+ T cells and transiently inhibited the rejection of OVA-expressing cells. These results suggest that a major effect of CD154 antagonism in vivo is an impairment in the provision of signal three during donor-reactive T cell programming, as opposed to an impact on the provision of signal two. We conclude that therapies designed to target inflammatory cytokines during donor-reactive T cell activation may be beneficial in attenuating these responses and prolonging graft survival.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4387-4395
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Immunology
Issue number9
StatePublished - Nov 1 2012


Dive into the research topics of 'CD40/CD154 blockade inhibits dendritic cell expression of inflammatory cytokines but not costimulatory molecules'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this