The contribution of CCR6 and phagocyte recruitment to the initiation of T cell responses to a local pathogen is unclear. CD4 T cell activation to an injected soluble antigen occurred rapidly and was completely CCR6-independent. In marked contrast the tempo of pathogen-specific CD4 T cell activation depended on whether the antigen was secreted or cell-associated. Furthermore, lymph node pathogen-specific CD4 T cell activation required CCR6 and cell migration from the site of infection. Surprisingly, adoptive transfer of wild-type blood phagocytes rescued bacteria-specific T cell activation in CCR6-deficient mice, even when these cells were unable to participate in direct antigen presentation. These data demonstrate that T cell responses to a local bacterial infection follow a distinct tempo, largely determined by bacterial protein secretion, and that CCR6-mediated blood phagocyte recruitment to the site of infection is a critical step in the initiation of pathogen-specific immune responses in skin draining lymph nodes.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America|
|State||Published - Jul 17 2007|
- Antigen presentation