The detailed study of Pd-catalyzed asymmetric cyanoamidation is reported. Excellent enantioselectivities are attributed to a chiral phosphosphoramidite ligand synthesized in one step from the commercially available materials. Cyanoamidation substrates are easy to prepare from the corresponding anilines. The 3,3-disubstituted oxindole products bear all-carbon quaternary stereocenters and contain a nitrile and an amide, which are valuable functional handles for the synthesis of many indole-containing natural products. Cyanoamidation tolerates free N-H groups, as demonstrated by the successful use of cyanoamidation in the syntheses of (+)-horsfiline and (-)-coerulescine.
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- Asymmetric catalysis
- C-C bond activation
- Total synthesis