Catalysts and magnets: Built environment and bicycle commuting

Jessica E. Schoner, Jason Cao, David M Levinson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

19 Scopus citations

Abstract

What effects do bicycle infrastructure and the built environment have on people's decisions to commute by bicycle? While many studies have considered this question, commonly employed methodologies fail to address the unique statistical challenge of modeling modes with small mode shares. Additionally, personal characteristics that are not adequately accounted for may lead to overestimation of built environment impacts.This study addresses these two key issues by using an ordered probit Heckman selection model to jointly estimate participation in and frequency of commuting by bicycle, controlling for demographics, residential preferences, and travel attitudes. The findings suggest a strong influence of attitudinal factors, with modest contributions of bicycle accessibility. Bicycle lanes act as "magnets" to attract bicyclists to a neighborhood, rather than being the "catalyst" that encourages non-bikers to shift modes. The results have implications for planners and policymakers attempting to increase bicycling mode share via the strategic infrastructure development.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)100-108
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Transport Geography
Volume47
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2015

Keywords

  • Bicycle commuting
  • Bicycling
  • Mode choice
  • Self-selection
  • Travel behavior

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