Cat-scratch disease relapse in a kidney transplant recipient

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19 Scopus citations


Cat-scratch disease, an infectious illness infrequently reported in kidney transplant patients, is caused by the organism Bartonella henselae and is transmitted through contact with cats or kittens. It is a self-limited disorder in the general pediatric population. Here we present a case of unsuspected cat-scratch disease in a pediatric kidney transplant patient who presented with fever and lymphadenopathy. Eight months after treatment with a short course of azithromycin, the patient developed a recurrence of cat-scratch disease. We emphasize that the evaluation of a young immunocompromised kidney transplant patient presenting with fever and lymphadenopathy should include unusual infections such as cat-scratch disease. We review the diagnosis and treatment of this uncommon infection in the organ transplant population.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)105-109
Number of pages5
JournalPediatric transplantation
Issue number1
StatePublished - Feb 2007


  • Bartonella henselae
  • Cat-scratch disease
  • Lymphadenopathy
  • Transplantation


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