Caste-ethnic disparity in vaccine use among 0- to 5-year-old children in Nepal: a decomposition analysis

Satis Devkota, Christopher Butler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives: To examine what factors, if any, could account for caste/ethnic disparities in vaccine utilization between upper caste and indigenous, and upper caste and low caste (Dalit) groups in Nepal. Methods: Using the Institute of Medicine (IOM) approach to calculate disparity, we estimate the disparity between upper caste and indigenous, and between upper caste and Dalit 0- to 5-year-old children in Nepal. Then we use Fairlie’s non-linear regression-based decomposition technique to account for those disparities in immunization. Results: Using nationally representative data (the Nepal Living Standard Survey II and III), we construct a pooled cross-sectional series and calculate the disparity between upper caste and indigenous (8.047 %), and between upper caste and Dalit (7.215 %). Both of these comparisons are significant at less than 1 % significance level. Decomposition results show that a major portion of the disparity can be attributed to the difference in access to immunization services, followed by differences in household income and parental education. Conclusions: Nepal’s national vaccine programs should increase focus on reaching geographically distant populations, and continue to develop vaccination-related education efforts.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)693-699
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of Public Health
Volume61
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2016

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2016, Swiss School of Public Health (SSPH+).

Keywords

  • Access to health facility
  • Caste ethnicity
  • Disparities
  • Immunization
  • Nepal
  • Vaccines

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