Caste, colonialism, and the speech of the colonized: Entextualization and disciplinary control in India

Gloria Goodwin Raheja

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53 Scopus citations

Abstract

In the wake of rebellion and other crises of colonial rule in mid-19th-century India, particular varieties of oral folklore began to appear in land settlement reports, official glossaries and grammars, census reports, and reference works on caste compiled for the use of colonial officers. The heterogeneity of "tradition" and Indian speech, as well as their situated pragmatic character, were erased in these documents. Such entextualizations of the speech of the colonized, especially proverbial speech, figured in the construction of a monologic discourse about caste and caste identities, in the naturalization of revolt and other forms of noncompliance, and in the creation of the illusion that disciplinary control was carried out with the consent of the colonized.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)494-513
Number of pages20
JournalAmerican Ethnologist
Volume23
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1996
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Caste
  • Colonialism
  • Entextualization
  • Folklore
  • India
  • Linguistic ideology

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