Case–control study evaluating the sow’s risk factors associated with stillbirth piglets in Midwestern in Brazil

Gustavo Sousa Silva, Marconni Victor da Costa Lana, Geovanny Bruno Gonçalves Dias, Raquel Aparecida Sales da Cruz, Leticya Lerner Lopes, Gustavo Machado, Luis Gustavo Corbellini, Danielle Gava, Marcos Almeida Souza, Caroline Argenta Pescador

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Reproductive failure in swine herds is often difficult to diagnose and is important to swine production. The present study aims to identify the potential risk factors (infectious/noninfectious) for stillborn piglets in two commercial swine farms situated in midwestern region of Brazil. The potential risk factors were included in a multivariable logistic model, and the dependent variable was defined as the presence of at least one stillborn piglet in a given litter (yes or no). In the best fit model, two variables from the multivariable analysis, total litter size (p = 0.01), and average birth weight (p = 0.03) were significantly associated with the presence of stillborn piglets at the farms examined in this study. Porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2) was detected in 29.1 % of the litters. Neither parvovirus (PPV) nor leptospirosis infections were identified in this study, suggesting that they have a minor impact on reproductive disease.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)445-449
Number of pages5
JournalTropical Animal Health and Production
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 2014

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The authors are grateful to CAPES, from the Brazilian Government, for the financial support.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2014, Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht.


  • Piglets
  • Reproduction
  • Sow
  • Stillbirth


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