A substantial body of research examines entry into and exit from self-employment. However, little is known about the career patterns of the self-employed, their transitions into and from self-employment and the success associated with different patterns of their careers. To address these issues, we examine the career patterns of individuals with self-employment experience and their relationship to objective and subjective career success using data from the German Household Panel (SOEP). Our results show that persistent self-employment careers have higher gross labor income and exhibit higher job and life satisfaction than all other self-employment career patterns.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
The data used in this publication were made available to us by the German Socio-Economic Panel Study (SOEP) at the German Institute for Economic Research (DIW), Berlin. We are grateful to Field Editor Karl Wennberg and four anonymous reviewers for their helpful comments.
- Career patterns
- Career success