Care as the Work of Citizens: A Modest Proposal

Joan Tronto

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

76 Scopus citations


Tronto explores the "care crisis" that now pervades advanced industrial societies, in which women are doing more paid work and, consequently, less of the care work of civil society. Tronto urges advanced industrial societies to rethink who is responsible for care and recognize the role that government should play in ensuring that care is provided for those who need it. Unfortunately, citizenship has traditionally been defined in ways that make no provision for responsibilities to care for others. Tronto observes that "privatizing" care by relegating it to the marketplace does not provide a solution to the care crisis, since paid care work is subject to exploitation, partly because it is often done by illegal immigrants from Third World countries. Despite expecting privatization to be the likely solution to the problem, Tronto nevertheless recommends that care work be regarded as a governmental responsibility in order to make it more valued publicly.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationWomen and Citizenship
PublisherOxford University Press
ISBN (Electronic)9780199835775
ISBN (Print)0195175344, 9780195175349
StatePublished - Oct 1 2005
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2005 by Oxford University Press. All rights reserved.


  • Care
  • Civil society
  • Exploitation
  • Government
  • Illegal immigrants
  • Privatization
  • Responsibility


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