Cardiovascular Risk Reduction in High-Risk Pediatric Patients*: A Scientific Statement From the American Heart Association Expert Panel on Population and Prevention Science; the Councils on Cardiovascular Disease in the Young, Epidemiology and Prevention, Nutrition, Physical Activity and Metabolism, High Blood Pressure Research, Cardiovascular Nursing, and the Kidney in Heart Disease; and the Interdisciplinary Working Group on Quality of Care and Outcomes Research Endorsed by the American Academy of Pediatrics

Rae Ellen W. Kavey, Vivek Allada, Stephen R. Daniels, Laura L. Hayman, Brian W. McCrindle, Jane W. Newburger, Rulan S. Parekh, Julia Steinberger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

38 Scopus citations

Abstract

Although for most children the process of atherosclerosis is subclinical, dramatically accelerated atherosclerosis occurs in some pediatric disease states, with clinical coronary events occurring in childhood and very early adult life. As with most scientific statements about children and the future risk for cardiovascular disease, there are no randomized trials documenting the effects of risk reduction on hard clinical outcomes. A growing body of literature, however, identifies the importance of premature cardiovascular disease in the course of certain pediatric diagnoses and addresses the response to risk factor reduction. For this scientific statement, a panel of experts reviewed what is known about very premature cardiovascular disease in 8 high-risk pediatric diagnoses and, from the science base, developed practical recommendations for management of cardiovascular risk.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)218-253
Number of pages36
JournalJournal of Cardiovascular Nursing
Volume22
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2007

Keywords

  • AHA Scientific Statements
  • Atherosclerosis
  • Cardiovascular diseases
  • Pediatrics
  • Prevention
  • Risk factors

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