Cardiovascular risk factors among third grade children in four regions of the united states: The catch study

Larry S. Webber, Voula Osganian, Russell V Luepker, Henry A. Feldman, Elaine J. Stone, John P. Elder, Cheryl L. Perry, Philip R. Nader, Guy S. Parcel, Shelia L. Broyles, Sonja M. Mckinlay

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

98 Scopus citations

Abstract

Data on cardiovascular risk factors (body mass index, triceps and subscapular skinfolds, blood pressure, serum total cholesterol, high density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol, and apolipoprotein B) were collected as part of the baseline examination (fall 1991) of the Child and Adolescent Trial for Cardiovascular Health, a multicenter school-based intervention study for promoting healthful behaviors. A total of 5,106 third grade children (mean age, 8.76 years) in four states (California, Louisiana, Minnesota, and Texas) were examined. After excluding 194 children of other or unknown origin, the study population consisted of 3,530 Anglo-American children, 674 African-American children, and 708 Latino children. African-American children were the tallest by 1-3 cm (p <0.0001), while Latino children had the largest body mass index (p <0.05). Blood pressure levels were similar for boys and girls and among the three races, but systolic levels were 2 mmHg higher in Texas than at the other sites. Serum total cholesterol levels were 5 mg/dl higher in girls than in boys (p <0.05), while HDL cholesterol levels were 2 mg/dl higher in boys (p <0.05). HDL cholesterol levels were highest in African-Americans (55.5 mg/dl) compared with Anglo-Americans (50.7 mg/dl) and Latinos (51.3 mg/dl) (p <0.0001).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)428-439
Number of pages12
JournalAmerican journal of epidemiology
Volume141
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 1995

Keywords

  • Blood pressure
  • Child
  • Ethnic groups
  • Lipids
  • Obesity
  • Risk factors

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    Webber, L. S., Osganian, V., Luepker, R. V., Feldman, H. A., Stone, E. J., Elder, J. P., Perry, C. L., Nader, P. R., Parcel, G. S., Broyles, S. L., & Mckinlay, S. M. (1995). Cardiovascular risk factors among third grade children in four regions of the united states: The catch study. American journal of epidemiology, 141(5), 428-439. https://doi.org/10.1093/oxfordjournals.aje.a117445