Cardiac troponin I in patients with hematologic malignancies

Emile Missov, Charles Calzolari, Jean Marc Davy, Florence Leclercq, Michel Rossi, Bernard Pau

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82 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background. The cardiac isoform of troponin I (cTnI) is a myofibrillar protein highly specific for myocardial injury. We used a recently developed new-generation immunoassay with high analytical sensitivity to measure cTnI in patients diagnosed with hematologic malignancies, before chemotherapy and after an intermediate cumulative dose of anthracyclines. We hypothesized that measurement of cTnI with this sensitive method would provide evidence of myocardial injury in these patients. Methods. Sera from 115 individuals (60 healthy controls, 25 anthracycline-naive patients and 30 patients treated with intermediate cumulative doses of anthracyclines) were assessed for cTnI, creatine kinase MB (CKMB) mass and myoglobin. Radionuclide left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) was also determined. Results. Using this sensitive assay, detectable concentrations of cTnI were measured in the healthy population [mean, 19.5 pg/ml, 95% confidence interval (CI) 13.5-25.5 pg/ml]. Anthracycline-naive patients had cTnI mean values (36.5 pg/ml, 95% CI 25.1-47.9 pg/ml) that were significantly (P < 0.01) greater than those in the control group. cTnI was significantly (P < 0.00001) increased in anthracycline-treated patients (76.4 pg/ml, 95% CI 67.0-85.8 pg/ml) compared with both the anthracycline-naive patients and the controls. CKMB, myoglobin and LVEF were within the normal range in all patients. Conclusions. These data provide evidence for cardiac involvement in patients with hematological malignancies before and during the course of anthracycline chemotherapy. They suggest that detection of myocardial injury may be facilitated by measurement of cTnI with a highly sensitive assay.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)537-541
Number of pages5
JournalCoronary Artery Disease
Volume8
Issue number8-9
StatePublished - Dec 9 1997

Keywords

  • Anthracyclines
  • Cardiac troponin I
  • Cardiotoxicity

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