Cardiac troponin I, cardiac troponin T, and creatine kinase MB in dialysis patients without ischemic heart disease: Evidence of cardiac troponin T expression in skeletal muscle

Mary D. Mclaurin, Fred S. Apple, Ellen M. Voss, Charles A. Herzog, Scott W. Sharkey

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198 Scopus citations

Abstract

Serum cardiac troponin T (cTnT) concentrations are frequently increased in chronic dialysis patients as measured by the first-generation ELISA immunoassay, as is creatine kinase (CK) MB mass in the absence of acute ischemic heart disease. We designed this study to compare four serum markers of myocardial injury [CKMB mass, first-generation ELISA cTnT, second- generation Enzymun cTnT, and cardiac troponin I (cTnI)] in dialysis patients without acute ischemic heart disease. We also evaluated skeletal muscle from dialysis patients as a potential source of serum cTnT. No patients in the clinical evaluation group (n = 24) studied by history and by physical examination, electrocardiography, and two-dimensional echocardiography had evidence of ischemic heart disease. Biochemical markers were measured in serial predialysis blood samples with specific monoclonal antibody-based immunoassays. For several patients at least one sample measured above the upper reference limit: CK-MB, 7 of 24 (30%); ELISA cTnT, 17 of 24 (71%); Enzymun cTnT, 3 of 18 (17%); and cTnI, 1 of 24 (4%). In a separate group of dialysis patients (n = 5), expression of cTnT, but not cTnI, was demonstrated by Western blot analysis in 4 of 5 skeletal muscle biopsies. Chronic dialysis patients without acute ischemic heart disease frequently had increased serum CK-MB and cTnT. The specificity of the second-generation cTnT (Enzymun) assay was improved over that of the first-generation (ELISA) assay; cTnI was the most specific of the currently available biochemical markers. cTnT, but not cTnI, was expressed in the skeletal muscle of dialysis patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)976-982
Number of pages7
JournalClinical chemistry
Volume43
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 1997

Keywords

  • Enzyme immunoassay
  • Heart function
  • Renal failure

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