Cardiac mapping systems

Nicholas D Skadsberg, Timothy G Laske, Paul A. Iaizzo

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

2 Scopus citations


The first electrocardiogram (ECG) recording detailing the structure of atrioventricular conduction was made by Tawara nearly 100 years ago (1). Soon after, Mayer first observed rhythmical pulsations made in ringlike preparations of the muscular tissue of a jellyfish (Scyphomedusa cassiopeia) (2,3). In a ringlike preparation of a tortoise heart, Mines was able to initiate circulating excitation using electrical stimulation (4). Shortly thereafter, Lewis and Rothschild described the excitatory process in a canine heart (5), and after a delay because of the events of World War I, Lewis and coworkers reported the first real mapping experiment in 1920(6). These studies were the first attempts to illustrate and document reentry in the intact heart, and their work has had a great influence on subsequent mapping studies. Hence, the field of cardiac electrical mapping was established. Soon after, the idea of mapping arrhythmic activation encompassed an over-larger number of studies, including those of Barker et al., who performed mapping of the first intact human heart in 1930 (7).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationHandbook of Cardiac Anatomy, Physiology, and Devices
PublisherHumana Press
Number of pages9
ISBN (Print)1588294439, 9781588294432
StatePublished - Dec 1 2005


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