Cardiac disease in pregnancy

P. S. Ramsey, K. D. Ramin, S. M. Ramin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations


Cardiovascular adaptations of pregnancy are generally well tolerated in the healthy gravida; however, these changes can place undue stress on women with underlying cardiovascular disease and can result in increased risk for morbidity and mortality. In this article, we will review issues related to preconceptional counseling, cardiovascular adaptations of pregnancy, and the prognosis and management of the gravida with cardiac disease in pregnancy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)245-265
Number of pages21
JournalAmerican Journal of Perinatology
Issue number5
StatePublished - Oct 2 2001


  • Cardiac disease
  • Preconceptional
  • Pregnancy


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