The first heart field (FHF), second heart field (SHF), cardiac neural crest (CNC), and proepicardial organ (PEO) are the four major embryonic regions involved in vertebrate heart development. They each make an important contribution to overall cardiac development with complex developmental timing and regulation. This chapter describes how these regions interact to form the final structure of the heart in relationship to the developmental timeline of human embryology.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Title of host publication||Handbook of Cardiac Anatomy, Physiology, and Devices, Third Edition|
|Publisher||Springer International Publishing|
|Number of pages||11|
|State||Published - Jan 1 2015|
Bibliographical notePublisher Copyright:
© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015.
Copyright 2017 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.
- Cardiac development
- Cardiac neural crest
- First heart field
- Human heart embryology
- Proepicardial organ
- Second heart field