Cardiac development

Brad J. Martinsen, Jamie L. Lohr

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

3 Scopus citations


The primary heart field, secondary heart field, cardiac neural crest, and proepicardium are the four major embryonic regions involved in the process of vertebrate heart development (Fig. 1). They each make an important contribution to overall cardiac development, which occurs with complex developmental timing and regulation. This chapter describes how these regions interact to form the final structure of the heart in relationship to the generalized developmental timeline of human embryology (Table 1).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationHandbook of Cardiac Anatomy, Physiology, and Devices
PublisherHumana Press
Number of pages9
ISBN (Print)1588294439, 9781588294432
StatePublished - 2005


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