Carbon gain and bud physiology in Populus tremuloides and Betula papyrifera grown under long-term exposure to elevated concentrations of CO2 and O3

Johanna Riikonen, Katre Kets, Joseph Darbah, Elina Oksanen, Anu Sober, Elina Vapaavuori, Mark E. Kubiske, Neil Nelson, David F. Karnosky

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

32 Scopus citations

Abstract

Paper birch (Betula papyrifera Marsh.) and three trembling aspen clones (Populus tremuloides Michx.) were studied to determine if alterations in carbon gain in response to an elevated concentration of CO2 ([CO 2]) or O3 ([O3]) or a combination of both affected bud size and carbohydrate composition in autumn, and early leaf development in the following spring. The trees were measured for gas exchange, leaf size, date of leaf abscission, size and biochemical characteristics of the overwintering buds and early leaf development during the 8th-9th year of free-air CO2 and O3 exposure at the Aspen FACE site located near Rhinelander, WI. Net photosynthesis was enhanced 49-73% by elevated [CO2], and decreased 13-30% by elevated [O3]. Elevated [CO2] delayed, and elevated [O3] tended to accelerate, leaf abscission in autumn. Elevated [CO2] increased the ratio of monosaccharides to di- and oligosaccharides in aspen buds, which may indicate a lag in cold acclimation. The total carbon concentration in overwintering buds was unaffected by the treatments, although elevated [O3] decreased the amount of starch by 16% in birch buds, and reduced the size of aspen buds, which may be related to the delayed leaf development in aspen during the spring. Elevated [CO2] generally ameliorated the effects of elevated [O 3]. Our results show mat both elevated [CO2] and elevated [O3] have the potential to alter carbon metabolism of overwintering buds. These changes may cause carry-over effects during the next growing season.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)243-254
Number of pages12
JournalTree physiology
Volume28
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2008

Keywords

  • Bud burst
  • Bud carbohydrates
  • Bud size
  • Gas exchange
  • Leaf abscission
  • Leaf area index
  • Leaf size
  • Paper birch
  • Phenology
  • Photosynthesis
  • Trembling aspen

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Carbon gain and bud physiology in Populus tremuloides and Betula papyrifera grown under long-term exposure to elevated concentrations of CO<sub>2</sub> and O<sub>3</sub>'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this