Carbon-Based Nanomaterials for Tissue Engineering

Sook Hee Ku, Minah Lee, Chan Beum Park

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

129 Scopus citations

Abstract

Carbon-based nanomaterials such as graphene sheets and carbon nanotubes possess unique mechanical, electrical, and optical properties that present new opportunities for tissue engineering, a key field for the development of biological alternatives that repair or replace whole or a portion of tissue. Carbon nanomaterials can also provide a similar microenvironment as like a biological extracellular matrix in terms of chemical composition and physical structure, making them a potential candidate for the development of artificial scaffolds. In this review, we summarize recent research advances in the effects of carbon nanomaterial-based substrates on cellular behaviors, including cell adhesion, proliferation, and differentiation into osteo- or neural- lineages. The development of 3D scaffolds based on carbon nanomaterials (or their composites with polymers and inorganic components) is introduced, and the potential of these constructs in tissue engineering, including toxicity issues, is discussed. Future perspectives and emerging challenges are also highlighted. Carbon nanomaterials, such as graphene and carbon nanotubes, present new opportunities for tissue engineering applications because of their unique physicochemical properties. This Review summarizes recent studies on the interaction between carbon-based nanomaterials and mammalian cells, such as cell adhesion, proliferation, and differentiation into osteo- or neural- lineages on graphene- or CNT-based substrates.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)244-260
Number of pages17
JournalAdvanced Healthcare Materials
Volume2
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2013

Keywords

  • Carbon nanotubes
  • Graphene
  • Nanomaterials
  • Scaffolds
  • Tissue engineering

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