Ammonia (NH3) emissions are an economically and environmentally significant loss pathway of fertilizer and soil-derived N. Chambers are a commonly used method to quantify NH3 emissions in plot-scale agricultural research. Although this method is widely used, its accuracy may be influenced by the overall design of the chamber, its components, and its interaction with the environment. Four NH3 chamber designs, including open, open + polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE), semi-open, and closed, were deployed over a dilute NH3 solution for 6 h on four dates to determine the effect of chamber design on NH3 capture efficiency. The solution volume and concentration were measured before and after acid trap deployment, and total volatile NH3 emission was assumed to be equal to the mass N loss. The NH3 capture efficiency relative to the estimated total emissions was greatest for the open design (12.9%), whereas the semi-open chamber was the least efficient (3.5%). The closed chamber reduced NH3 emissions relative to the open and semi-open designs by inhibiting convective gas transport beneath the chamber footprint.
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© 2021 The Authors. Agrosystems, Geosciences & Environment published by Wiley Periodicals LLC on behalf of Crop Science Society of America and American Society of Agronomy