Cannabinoids inhibit the formation of new synapses between hippocampal neurons in culture.

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Abstract

The principal psychoactive ingredient in marijuana, Delta(9)-tetrahydrocannabinol, has been shown to inhibit adenylyl cyclase activity in vitro and can lead to impairment of memory in vivo. cAMP-induced changes in synaptic plasticity are thought to underlie memory formation. We examined the effects of cannabinoid receptor agonists on forskolin-induced formation of new synapses between rat hippocampal neurons in culture. Functional synaptic boutons were identified with FM1-43-based digital imaging. Cannabimimetic drugs prevented the recruitment of new synapses by inhibiting the formation of cAMP. The inhibition produced by Win55212-2, a synthetic cannabinoid receptor agonist, was stereoselective and was reversed by a selective CB1 receptor antagonist. Both Delta(9)-tetrahydrocannabinol and the endogenous ligand, anandamide, inhibited the formation of new synapses. Win55212-2 blocked the formation of new synapses induced by forskolin, but not those evoked by a membrane permeant cAMP analog. Thus, activation of cannabinoid receptors can modulate synaptic plasticity independent of direct effects on neurotransmitter release. Preventing the formation of new synapses may contribute to the impairment of memory produced by cannabinoids.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)RC146
JournalThe Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience
Volume21
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - May 15 2001

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